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Archives de Tag: Turkey

Conference on Syrian Refugees: Between Formalities and Realities

Conference on Syrian Refugees: Between Formalities and Realities

 

Capture d_écran 2017-04-27 à 07.27.50

 
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Publié par le avril 27, 2017 dans Manifestations scientifiques, News

 

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Imagining and regulating ethnic and religious diversity in Turkey

Imagining and regulating ethnic and religious diversity in Turkey 
Macro-configurations and micro-dynamics

Göttingen, 8-9 July 2016


Co-organizers

Sinem Adar, Markus Dressler, Matthias Koenig, Zeynep Özgen

Capture d’écran 2016-07-02 à 18.40.44

Capture d’écran 2016-07-02 à 18.41.37

 
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Publié par le juillet 2, 2016 dans Manifestations scientifiques

 

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Islamic Radicalization and the Rising Threat of Isis in Europe: Understanding Turkey’s Role

Islamic Radicalization and the Rising Threat of Isis in Europe:

Understanding Turkey’s Role

Capture d’écran 2016-03-17 à 15.07.46

 
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Publié par le mars 17, 2016 dans Manifestations scientifiques, News

 

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Turkey’s Choice: From de facto presidential regime to de jure authoritarian regime

Turkey’s Choice: From de facto presidential regime to de jure authoritarian regime

Samim Akgönül

Bridging Europe

 (November 4, 2015) 

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After November polls, Turkey undeniably enters into a new era. This will have an effect on Turkey’s future, its surrounding neighborhood and Europe as well. Besides accusations on electoral frauds and a flagrant unfairness on the campaign side, Turkey’s choice is very different from that of June 7th. During these months, the country counted more than 1000 deaths. ​​

Important feature on this second round is that there were 356,282 more voters (i.e. 56,608,817 in June compared to 56,965,099 in November) and that voter turnout was slightly higher (83,92% in June compared to 84,58% in November). AKP increased its support by 8,54% whereas MHP lost 4,36%.
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AKP’s triple strategy

AKP’s political strategy in November polls has paid off. Since June 8, just after the first round, the ruling party defined its new goals that led to such a resounding win:

  1. To keep the power at any cost. Sharing it and/or accepting another party’s influence on the state apparatus (e.g. justice, media) was seen by AKP leadership as an enormous risk due to the tremendous corruption cases looming ahead, coupled with severe accusations on war crimes in Syria and support of ISIL. Thanks to the nationalists of MHP, this strategy was successful as a possible coalition between AKP and MHP could not be reached. Therefore, AKP kept the power even if it had not outright majority;
  2. To develop an ultra-nationalist and ultra-Islamist discourse towards binding nationalist voters. The warlike rhetoric largely contributed to that. Many MHP voters turned to AKP this time, thus pushing MHP out of central Anatolia, its traditional fiefdom;
  3. To nourish a belligerent rhetoric and criminalize HDP as the political branch of PKK. AKP succeeded on that because PKK played very well its role responding to the state violence with violence, creating uncertainty in the West and urging conservative Kurds to come back to AKP.

Surprisingly, AKP achieved to get endorsed by supporters of smaller parties, a fact that unveiled the degree of polarization in the political landscape. Although AKP’s landslide was unexpected for the party itself and its political opponents, this broad support might finally be poisonous for AKP due to the following reasons:

 
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Publié par le novembre 5, 2015 dans Media, News

 

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Turkey’s Elections: Four Weddings and a Funeral

Turkey’s Elections: Four Weddings and a FuneralCapture d’écran 2015-06-13 à 16.00.56

 
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Publié par le juin 13, 2015 dans Media, News, Nouvelles Publications

 

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Turkey’s minorities : the challenges of « proximity alterity »

Turkey’s minorities : the challenges of « proximity alterity »

Interview with Samim Akgönül,

Interview held by Tania Gisselbrecht, Project Associate @BridgingEurope

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Seen from Brussels, Turkey’s minorities’ issue is certainly regarded as a major stumbling block to the EU-Turkey dialogue. As a country seeking accession to the European Union, Turkey is expected to comply with basic European and international standards, which include the protection of minorities since the introduction of the Copenhagen criteria. Hence the EU is adopting a technical stance regarding this matter: its chief concern is to bring Turkey to set up minorities’ protection standards in line with the political Copenhagen eligibility criteria (Human Rights, Democracy, Rule of law – which are Council of Europe’s principles- plus a new pillar, the “protection of minorities”).

This approach somehow fails to comprehend the historical and sociological dimensions of the minority issue. Turkey’s reluctance to fully recognize and protect minorities within its borders originates in a restrictive understanding of the term ‘minority’. Turkey’s standpoint is intrinsically linked to the very foundations of the Turkish Republic and its narrow conception of the Nation. By erecting ‘Turkishness’ as an exclusivist basis for citizenship on the multicultural and multi-confessional remnants of the Ottoman Empire, the State has sown the seed of conflict. In other words, violations of minority rights can be viewed as the symptoms of a congenital disease that with time also contaminated the collective unconscious.

Therefore a two-pronged therapy is needed in order to overcome this original identity crisis and to come to terms with the past: a legal/ technical one as advocated by the EU and a societal one, focused on social acceptance and historical remembrance of the minorities’ presence.

To better understand the challenges raised by the latter, Bridging Europe talked with Professor Samim Akgönül, an Historian and Political Scientist, from the University of Strasbourg. Adopting an historical and sociological perspective, the specialist of Turkey and minorities sheds light on Turkey’s complex and interdependent social realities which complicates remembrance and reconciliation, and ultimately the internalization of the principle of non-discriminative citizenship.

READ THE INTERVIEW

 
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Publié par le octobre 14, 2014 dans Media, News

 

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RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY AND TOLERANCE IN EUROPE AND TURKEY

RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY AND TOLERANCE
IN EUROPE AND TURKEY

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