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Vendredi 29 octobre 2010  |  Nicosie (Chypre)

Communautés religieuses et étatisation

Le passage de l’Empire ottoman aux États modernes

Religious community and modern statehood

The passage from the Ottoman empire to modern states

Résumé
The conference aims to explore various aspects of the communal organization in the Ottoman Empire for regions such as Asia Minor, Middle East and the Balkans, and to present the changes that occurred within the religious communities during the 19th century and particularly during the period from Tanzimat reforms until the First World War. Key questions in relation to the modernization process of the Ottoman state and the functioning of religious communities, are a) how does the Sublime Porte understand the process of structuring a modern state with respect to religious communities, b) who is responsible for the modern institutions: the state or the religious communities, c) what is the reaction of the religious communities regarding the modernization process d) why and in what way the religious communities are changing on the light of this process.
Annonce
We would like to invite you to attend the International Conference Religious community and modern statehood: « The passage from the Ottoman Empire to modern states », organized by the Department of Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies of the University of Cyprus and the École française d’Athènes. The Conference will be held in Nicosia during the 29th and the 30th of October 2010.
One of the main features of the modern state has been the intention of the state to penetrate to society and to control in a large extent the daily life of its citizens. In order to control the society, the modern state tried to exploit it’s citizens in different levels through various institutions, such as public education, obligatory recruitment and bureaucratic organization. Based on religious communities, the Ottoman Empire tried to control the populations in the Ottoman lands, imposing thus its own imperial perception for the state and its people. The existence of the religious communities and the functioning of the Ottoman state on the basis of these communities, made the passage from the Ottoman imperial structure to the modern states, a complicated procedure.
The conference aims to explore various aspects of the communal organization in the Ottoman Empire for regions such as Asia Minor, Middle East and the Balkans, and to present the changes that occurred within the religious communities during the 19th century and particularly during the period from Tanzimat reforms until the First World War. Key questions in relation to the modernization process of the Ottoman state and the functioning of religious communities, are a) how does the Sublime Porte understand the process of structuring a modern state with respect to religious communities, b) who is responsible for the modern institutions: the state or the religious communities, c) what is the reaction of the religious communities regarding the modernization process d) why and in what way the religious communities are changing on the light of this process.
PROGRAMME
October 29, Friday
16:30 – 16:45 Welcoming
16:45 – 17:00 STROHMEIER Martin, Chairman of the Department of Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies, Welcome Speech
  • 17:00 – 17:30 DERINGIL Selim, Bogaziçi University, Istanbul – Keynote Speech
    Re-configuring Ottoman citizenship in the Tanzimat state: conversion, religion and identity politics in the late Ottoman Empire
17:30 – 18:00 Coffee Break
Session I – Christians and Muslims in the late Ottoman Empire
Chairperson: VARNAVAS Andrekos
  • 18:00 – 18:20 KECHRIOTIS Vangelis, Bo¤aziçi University, ‹stanbul. Bayonets and Bullets in the name of the Constitution: Post-colonial criticism and Muslim-Christian relations in the late Ottoman Empire
  • 18:20 – 18:40 ANASTASSIADOU Meropi, Centre National de la Recherché Scientifique, Paris. Non-Muslim communities and state control in the late Ottoman Empire. Administrative practice and decisionmaking within the Greek orthodox parishes of Istanbul
  • 18:40 – 19:00 MICHAEL Michalis, University of Cyprus, Nicosia. The Orthodox community of Cyprus between the Ottoman and the British colonial perceptions of modernity
  • 19:00 – 19:20 ANAGNOSTOPOULOU Sia, Panteion University, Athens. The millet system as a tool of a “differentiated modernity”, 19th c.-beginning of the 20th c.
19:20 – 20:00 Discussion
20:15 – 22:00 Dinner
October 30, Saturday
Session II – The Ottoman religious community and Nationalism
Chairperson: KECHRIOTIS Vangelis
  • 9:00 – 9:20 VARNAVAS Andrekos, Flinders University, Adelaide. Cypriots transforming from a class, religious and regional identity, to an ethnic national identity
  • 9:20 – 9:40 KONORTAS Paraskevas, National and Capodistrian University of Athens, Athens. Greek nationalism vs Greek orthodox milli establishment in Ottoman Thrace in educational matters during the first decade of the 20th century
  • 9:40 – 10:00 KIZILYÜREK Niyazi, University of Cyprus, Nicosia. The Turkish Cypriots, modernity and religion
10:00 – 10:30 Discussion
10:30 – 11:00 Coffee Break
Session III-  Religious community, education and statehood
Chairperson: KONORTAS Paraskevas
  • 11:00 – 11:20 FORTNA Benjamin, School of Oriental and African Studies, London
    Education between Empire and nation: spaces, lives and commodities
  • 11:20 – 11:40 VERDEIL Chantal, Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales, Paris. Education in the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire before the Crimean war
  • 11:40 – 12:00 STAVRIDES Theoharis, University of Cyprus, Nicosia. The Organization and development of Greek orthodox education in Cyprus in the 19th century
  • 12:00 – 12:20 LYBERATOS Andreas, Institute for Mediterranean Studies – FORTH, University of Crete School, community, state: remarks on the development of public education in late Ottoman and post-Ottoman Bulgaria (19th c. – 1912)
12:20 – 13:00 Discussion
13:15 – 14:30 Lunch
Session IV – Religious communities and colonialism
Chairperson: FORTNA Benjamin
  • 17:30 – 17:50 HADJIIOSSIF Christos, Institute for Mediterranean Studies, University of Crete, Rethymnon Colonial policies and Ottoman reforms
  • 17:50 – 18:10 COHEN-MULLER Rina, Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales, Paris Christians and Jews – the French game in Ottoman Jerusalem during the 19th Century
  • 18:10 – 18:30 BOCQUET Jérôme, Université d’Orléans, Orléans Missionary presence, diplomatic rivalries and proselytizing among the Ottoman Empire’s religious communities: The case of 19th c. Ottoman Syria
  • 18:30 – 18:50 ANASTASSIADES Tassos, École française d’Athènes/Sciences-Po, Paris. The ambiguities of a confessional age: lessons from Eastern Mediterranean
18:50 – 19:30 Discussion
19:30 – 20:00 Conclusions
20:15 – 22:00 Dinner

Mots-clés
  • religions, état, nationalisme, modernité, éducation, empire ottoman, Méditerranée
Lieu
  • Nicosie (Chypre) (The Classic Hotel, Van Gogh Conference room, 94 Rigenis street)
Dates
  • vendredi 29 octobre 2010
  • samedi 30 octobre 2010
Contact
  • Michalis Michael
    courriel : michaelm (at) ucy.ac [point] cy
    University of Cyprus, Department of Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies, Nicosia
 
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Publié par le septembre 9, 2010 dans Manifestations scientifiques

 

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Benjamin

BENJAMIN

Besim F. DELLALOĞLU

Sel Yayınları

Hegel, Napolyon u atının sırtında görünce onu Geist zannetmişti. Marx ise proleteryada aynı şeyi gördü. İşte tam buna Benjamin mesih diyordu, mesihçi düşünce diyordu. Belki de Batı mesihçi düşünce diyordu. Belki de Batı düşüncesi başından beri hep aynı şeyin peşindeydi. Ortaçağdan modernliğe geçerken bu düşünce ana eksenini değiştirmedi, sadece hedefe varmak için kullandığı araçları değiştirdi. Görev tanrıdan insana devredilmişti. Teolojik içerik laik bir dile tercüme edilmişti. Kurtuluş motifi Batı düşüncesinin ciğeridir. Bunu bir mesih, bir peygamber, bir tarihsel kahraman ya da bir toplumsal sınıf başaracaktır. Bunlar aynı soruya yönelik farklı yanıtlardır. Soru hiç değişmemiştir. Aslında proleterya-mesih terminolojisini ilk kullanan Lukacs dır. Lukacs, 1918 de yazdığı « Ahlaki Bir Sorun Olarak Bolşevizm » başlıklı yazıda proleteryayı « dünya tarihinin mesih-sınıfı » olarak nitelemiştir. İşte Benjamin in Tarih Tezleri sadece bunu anlatır. « Bizler bu dünyada bekleniyorduk. » Benjamin sanki aydınlanmanın yaptığının tersini yapmaya çalışır. Weber demişti ya: dünyanın büyüsünün bozulması. O, dünyayı tekrar büyüsüne kavuşturmaya çalışır. Onun düşüncesinde ilerlemenin, gelişmenin, evrimin zerresine rastlanmaz. Tarihi akışına bırakmak, onu egemenlerin oyuncağı kılmaktır. Onun amacı tarihi tersine işletmektir sanki. Tarihi tersine taramak. Evet bunun adı devrimdir.

 
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Publié par le juin 10, 2010 dans Nouvelles Publications

 

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Millet and Minority

 

 

ΕΘΝΙΚΟ ΚΑΙ ΚΑΠΟΔΙΣΤΡΙΑΚΟ ΠΑΝΕΠΙΣΤΗΜΙΟ ΑΘΗΝΩΝ

ΤΜΗΜΑ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΡΧΑΙΟΛΟΓΙΑΣ

ΗΜΕΡΙΔΑ 

From millet communities to minorities:

Greek Orthodox in the Ottoman Empire / Turkey and Muslims in Greece, 1830s – 1939

Πέμπτη, 14 Ιανουαρίου 2010

Αμφιθέατρο «Ι. Δρακόπουλος»

Κεντρικό Κτήριο Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών

Πανεπιστημίου 30

NATIONAL AND KAPODISTRIAN UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

 ONE-DAY CONFERENCE

 Thursday, 14 January 2010 

Amphitheatre “I. Drakopoulos”,

Central Building, University of Athens

30 Panepistimiou Ave.

 ΠΡΟΓΡΑΜΜΑ / PROGRAMME

 9.30     Έναρξη / Opening address:       Kostas Gavroglou

 Transition process from ethno-religious to national communities

 Συνεδρία Α΄ / Session A

 Προεδρία / Chair:      Paraskevas Konortas

 10.00 – 10.20           Εισαγωγκή ομιλία / Keynote lecture:

Benjamin Fortna, The Ottoman Empire and after: from a state of ‘Nations’ to ‘Nation-states’.

10.20 – 10.40           Stefanos Katsikas, Millet legacies in a national environment:        political elites and Muslim communities in Greece, 1830s –        1923.

10.40 – 11.00           Athanasia Anagnostopoulou, The process of hellenization of the Rum milleti in Anatolia, 19th century – 1923.

11.00 – 11.20           Efi Kanner, Who is who in the (Greek?) Orthodox community        of Istanbul: poverty, wealth and power construction from the      Reform Era to World War I.

11.20 – 11.40           ΣΥΖΗΤΗΣΗ / DISCUSSION

11.40 – 12.00           ΔΙΑΛΕΙΜΜΑ / BREAK

 Συνεδρία Β΄ / Session Β

 Προεδρία / Chair:      Benjamin Fortna

 12.00 – 12.20           Paraskevas Konortas, Nationalist infiltrations in Ottoman             Thrace (ca. 1850 – 1910 ): the case of the kaza of Gumuljina.

12.20 – 12.40           Michalis Michael, The formation of a Greek national          leadership of the Rum milleti in Cyprus during the second half of the 19th century.

 12.40 – 13.00           Kostantinos Tsitselikis, Muslim communities in Greece     after the Treaty of Athens (1913 – 1923): between the millet and  the nation.

13.00 – 13.30           ΣΥΖΗΤΗΣΗ / DISCUSSION

13.30 – 15.00           ΔΙΑΛΕΙΜΜΑ / BREAK

 The post – Lausanne national minorities building process

 Συνεδρία Γ΄ / Session C

 Προεδρία / Chair:      Ayhan Aktar

 15.00 – 15.20           Samim Akgönül, Ankara Agreement of 1930 and the Muslim-        Turkish minority of Western Thrace: reconciliation or       instrumentalization?

15.20 – 15.40           Elçin Macar, The policies of Turkey towards the Ecumenical          Patriarchate:  the Single-Party Era (1923 – 1945).

15.40 – 16.00           Dimitris Kamouzis, A minority in a state of flux: Greek      communal education in Istanbul, 1923 – 1930.

16.00 – 16.20           ΣΥΖΗΤΗΣΗ / DISCUSSION

16.20 – 16.40           ΔΙΑΛΕΙΜΜΑ / BREAK

 Συνεδρία Δ΄ / Session D

 Προεδρία / Chair:      Athanasia Anagnostopoulou

 16.40 – 17.00           Ayhan Aktar, Tax me to the end of my life: an analysis of an          anti-minority tax legislation, 1942 – 43.

17.00 – 17.20           Eleftheria Manta, The incorporation of the Chams into the  Greek state: cultural and ethnological aspects.

17.20 – 17.40           ΣΥΖΗΤΗΣΗ / DISCUSSION

17.40 – 18.15           ΔΙΑΛΕΙΜΜΑ / BREAK

 18. 15 – 19.15          ΣΤΡΟΓΓΥΛΗ ΤΡΑΠΕΖΑ / ROUND TABLE

 Συντονίστρια / Coordinator:     Athanasia Anagnostopoulou

Εισαγωγή / Introduction:          Alexandre Popovic

Συμμετέχοντες /

 Participants:             Samim Akgönül, Benjamin Fortna, Paraskevas Konortas

 19.15                        Λήξη της Ημερίδας / End of the Conference

 Οργανωτική Επιτροπή / Organising Committee

 Ακαδημαïκός Υπεύθυνος / Head of the Organising Committee

Paraskevas Konortas

 Μέλη / Members: Stefanos Katsikas, Dimitris Kamouzis

 Με την ευγενή υποστήριξη του

Κοινωφελούς Ιδρύματος Ιωάννη Σ. Λάτση

 With the kind support of

John S. Latsis Public Benefit Foundation

 ΣΥΜΜΕΤΕΧΟΝΤΕΣ / PARTICIPANTS

 Akgönül Samim, Marc Bloch University, Strasbourg, France.

Aktar Ayhan, Department of International Relations, Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.

Anagnostopoulou Athanasia, Department of History and Political Science, Panteion University of Athens, Greece.

Fortna Benjamin, Department of History, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.

Gavroglou Kostas, Department of the Philosophy and History of Science, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Kamouzis Dimitris, Department of Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, King’s College London, United Kingdom.

Kanner Efi, Department of Turkish and Modern Asian Studies, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Katsikas Stefanos, Department of History, Goldsmiths College, University of London, United Kingdom.

Konortas Paraskevas, Department of History and Archaeology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Macar Elçin, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Yıldız Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Manta Eleftheria, Institute of Balkan Studies, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Michael Michalis, Department of Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cyprus.

Popovic Alexandre, Department of Ottoman and Turkish Studies, EHESS, Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

Tsitselikis Kostantinos, Department of Balkan, Slavonic and Oriental Studies, University of Macedonia, Greece.

 
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Publié par le décembre 29, 2009 dans Manifestations scientifiques

 

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produits

Vendredi 30 octobre 2009  |  Istanbul (Turquie)

L’État en Turquie au XXe siècle. Contrôle social et production du citoyen

ifea

Résumé

Journée d’étude organisée par l’ANR Transtur, avec le soutien de l’UMR 8032 « Études turques et ottomanes » et de l’IFEA.

Annonce

Matinée :

Président de séance : Jean Marcou (OVIPOT, IFEA)

9h00 : Allocution d’ouverture par Nora Şeni, directrice de l’IFEA

Benjamin Gourisse (CRPS, Paris 1) : Introduction. Analyser l’Etat en Turquie

9h30 : Première Session. Le rôle culturel de l’Etat kémaliste

Emmanuel Szurek (CHDT, EHESS) : Administrer la langue ? La « Société de la Langue Turque » à l’époque kémaliste

Discutant : Füsun Üstel (Université de Galatasaray)

Birol Çaymaz (Université de Galatasaray) : Les manuels de Medenî Bilgiler (Instruction civique) à l’époque républicaine

Discutant : Gérard Noiriel (IRIS, EHESS)

11h00 : pause café

11h15 : Deuxième session. Les institutions de coercition

Alexandre Toumarkine (IFEA) : L’impossible neutralisation de l’armée kémaliste

Discutant : Gérard Noiriel (IRIS, EHESS)

Noémi Lévy (Université du Bosphore / EHESS) : Le policier, acteur de la ville à Istanbul à la fin de l’Empire ottoman

Discutant : Vincent Dubois (IUF, IEP de Strasbourg)

12h45 : Déjeuner

Après-midi :

Président de séance : François Georgeon (CHDT, EHESS)

14h15 : Troisième session. Le memur ou l’Etat en action

Nicolas Camelio (CHDT, EHESS) : La Mülkiye sous le gouvernement démocrate (1950-1960) : multipartisme et devoirs du fonctionnaire

Jean-François Pérouse (Université de Galatasaray, IFEA) : Raisons et réseaux d’Etat : premières hypothèses à partir d’une institution centrale exemplaire, le Devlet Planlama Teskilati (DPT/SPO)

Discutant : Vincent Dubois (IUF, IEP de Strasbourg)

16h00 : pause café

16h15 : Quatrième session. L’Etat et ses populations

Nikos Sigalas (IFEA) : La construction des populations suspectes dans l’Empire ottoman (1890-1918). Surveillance, discrimination juridique et migration forcée

Laurent Mallet (Université de Galatasaray) : Nouveaux discours, anciennes pratiques : les ambiguïtés des relations entre l’Etat kémaliste et la communauté juive

Discutant : Vincent Duclert (AHMOC, EHESS)

18h00 : Discussion générale et questions

19h30 : dîner

 
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Publié par le octobre 29, 2009 dans Manifestations scientifiques

 

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