Religion in the Neoliberal Age
Political Economy and Modes of Governance
Edited by François Gauthier, University of Fribourg, Switzerland and Tuomas Martikainen, University of Helsinki, Finland
This book, together with a complementary volume ‘Religion in Consumer Society’, focuses on religion, neoliberalism and consumer society; offering an overview of an emerging field of research in the study of contemporary religion. Claiming that we are entering a new phase of state-religion relations, the editors examine how this is historically anchored in modernity but affected by neoliberalization and globalization of society and social life. Seemingly distant developments, such as marketization and commoditization of religion as well as legalization and securitization of social conflicts, are transforming historical expressions of ‘religion’ and ‘religiosity’ yet these changes are seldom if ever understood as forming a coherent, structured and systemic ensemble.
‘Religion in the Neoliberal Age’ includes an extensive introduction framing the research area, and linking it to existing scholarship, before looking at four key issues: 1. How changes in state structures have empowered new modes of religious activity in welfare production and the delivery of a range of state services; 2. How are religion-state relations transforming under the pressures of globalization and neoliberalism; 3. How historical churches and their administrations are undergoing change due to structural changes in society, and what new forms of religious body are emerging; 4. How have law and security become new areas for solving religious conflicts. Outlining changes in both the political-institutional and cultural spheres, the contributors offer an international overview of developments in different countries and state of the art representation of religion in the new global political economy.
Contents: Preface; Introduction: religion in market society, François Gauthier, Tuomas Martikainen and Linda Woodhead; Part I Religions in the New Political Economy: Entrepreneurial spirituality and ecumenical alterglobalism: two religious responses to global neoliberalism, Joanildo A. Burity; Making religion irrelevant: the ‘resurgent religion’ narrative and the critique of neo-liberalism, James V. Spickard; The decline of the parishes and the rise of city churches: the German Evangelical Church in the age of neoliberalism, Jens Schlamelcher; Catholic Church civil society activism and the neoliberal government project of migrant integration in Ireland, Breda Gray; Faith, welfare, and the formation of the modern American Right, Jason Hackworth. Part II Political Governance of Religion: Neoliberalism and the privatization of welfare and religious organizations in the United States of America, David Ashley and Ryan Sandefer; Multilevel and pluricentric network governance of religion, Tuomas Martikainen; Regulating religion in a neoliberal context: the transformation of Estonia, Ringo Ringvee; Neoliberalism and counterterrorism laws: impact on Australian Muslim community organizations, Agnes Chong; From implicitly Christian to neoliberal: the moral foundations of Canadian law exposed by the case of prostitution, Rachel Chagnon and François Gauthier; Religious freedom and neoliberalism: from harm to cost-benefit, Lori G. Beaman; Bibliography; Index.